These designs are based on a very special type of geometry which in its simplest form is derived from the circle. The circle is then segmented into triangles to create squares, pentagons, hexagons and octagons which when combined can lead to some very fascinating patterns.
The relationship of Phi, the Golden Mean, the square root of 2 and other interesting mathematical relationships and formulae which have been discovered and used by many astronomers, mathematicians, artists, architects and geomancers since time began, are commonly visible in all organic and non-organic materials like plants and crystals and of course the Human body.
This can lead one to discover many amazing facts about ourselves and our universe.
These patterns which arise in this form of geometry can be seen in Cathedrals, Mosques, Palaces and other exceptional, architecturally pure constructions dating back many thousands of years to the present day.
The Alhambra in Granada, Spain has a particular relevance in our admiration of these designs as shown in the window entitled Geometric 3. This design in tessellation adorning a wall in the Alhambra is unique in its occurrence.